Asthma

Asthma: allergy (episodic attacks) causes wheeze, cough (esp at night) and SOB, dx with methacholine test, tx with albuterol (acute) and advair (maintenance)


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  • Asthma
  • allergy (episodic attacks) causes wheeze, cough (esp at night) and SOB, dx with methacholine test, tx with albuterol (acute) and advair (maintenance)
  • wheeze (exhale), cough (night), SOB
  • wheeze, mucus production, allergy (nasal inflammation, allergic shiner, eosinophilic/discolored sputum)
  • methacholine challenge, albuterol test, difficulty exhaling: PEFR↓, FEV1/FVC↓, (TLC, FRC, RV)↑ . DCLO↑. Exhaled NO↑ (trying to compensate)
  • allergic reaction (dust, mite, cold) causes acute airway (smooth muscle) constriction and chronic remodelling (inflame, thicken)
  • beta2 agonist (albuterol) for acute. LABA (salmeterol, formoterol) and steroid (advair = 2-in-1) for maintenance. Leukotriene blocker (-lukasts) for aspirin sensitivity.