COPD

COPD (dyspnea): chronic bronchitis (cough+sputum) and emphysema (barrel chest) due to smoking, exertional dyspnea, morning headache, hypoxia


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  • COPD
  • aka: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,
  • dyspnea
  • chronic bronchitis (cough+sputum) and emphysema (barrel chest) due to smoking, exertional dyspnea, morning headache, hypoxia
  • smoker with exertional dyspnea (hypoxia), chronic bronchitis (long time cough with sputum), morning headache (CO2 buildup at night)
  • bronchitis (cough, sputum), wheeze+rhonchi (mucus), tripod, accessory muscle usage, emphysema/barrel chest
  • FEV1/FVC↓, (TLC, FRC, RV)↑, PaO2↓, O2sat↓
  • smoking (or other insult) irreversibly damages lungs thru inflammatory response
  • quit smoking, O2, beta2 agonist (albuterol), muscarinic agonist (-tropiums), lung surgery (cut out lower lung)